PETRONM (3042) - What determines the earning for PETRONM?


 What determines the earning for PETRONM?
What determine the earning for PETRONM?
Posted some simple analysis on Petron Malaysia back in Feb 2017 when it was RM5.00.

Today price is at its all time high RM 12.70. Congratulations and Well Done to all those who stay loyal to the stock until today. 154% profit!!

Q3 result is coming soon! Let's go deep and understand what really determines the earning for PETRON

As we all know, PETRON Malaysia has 2 businesses - Retail business & Refinery.

Retail Business
Many confuse the earning of PETRON or HENGYUAN (Refinery stock) with the weekly fuel retail pricing announced by Malaysia government.

First, we have to understand the APM (Automatic pricing mechanism) introduced in Malaysia and MOPS (Mean of Platts Singapore).

Below are 2 very good write-up

Simply put,
If somehow during the 1 week period, the cost is higher than the fixed price, Gov will subsidize.
If the cost is lower than the fixed price, Gov will be tax up to 58.62 cents.
Still the price will maintain at the fixed retail price at the current time. Thus this is how the APM work.

So, dealer (Petrol Station) usually earns a fixed profit margin (around 5c to 10c per liter) of the fuel as retailer margin and operational cost are already factored in the fixed price announced.

Hence, the price of the weekly announcement has little impact to the profit of petrol station. Instead, volume is more important for petrol station to be profitable.

Refinery Business
For refinery, the business profitability really has nothing to do with weekly pricing or MOPS. If yes, when crude oil price was > 100 USD, all refinery companies would have a lot more profits, right?

The answer is Crack Spread

What is crack spread? It is nothing but the profit margin for each barrel refinery firm would earn..

Essentially, refiners take crude oil (which generally can’t be used in its raw form) and turn it into refined products such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. The crack spread represents the price difference between the finished, refined products (which translate into refiner revenues) and the price of crude oil (one of the primary factors in refiner costs). Because commodity prices can be incredibly volatile, refiners’ margins can too.

How is the crack spread doing recently. Pretty amazing. Jun to Sep (Q3), Sep to Today (Q4) is every higher than Q1 and Q2.

No wonder both HengYuan and Petron share price has up so much.

All time favourite question : PETRON or HENGYUAN
I would definitely prefer Petron over Hengyuan

1) net cash company thus safer, dividend and more gross profit translating to net profit

2) good track records of profit

3) my personal prejudice against company of certain nation due to number of corporate governance deficiencies cases we have seen in the past.

4) Diversity of business model : Refinery business may not be evergreen. Retail fuel business is and generally it is recession proof.