Dissecting Mah Sing’s Financial ReportsAt first glance, Mah Sing’s balance sheet is indeed superior as compared to many of the listed peers, sitting on a huge cash pile of RM838million and having only a total debt of RM907million , which in turn give rise to a near net cash position for the company (refers to net debt to equity ratio). Besides that, other credit metrics also look fairly strong on a relative basis. Something worth mentioning is that these ratios are calculated based on the data from companies’ financial reports without making any adjustment.
Chart 1: Credit Metrics of Various Listed Property Developers on Bursa MalaysiaSource: Bloomberg, BullBearBursa compilations. **Average value calculated by excluding outliers-UOA Development and Matrix ConceptsBut are these ratios really a true reflective of Mah Sing’s financial position in reality? After examining the footnotes of its latest financial reports, we found two major accounting practises that could be dubious, in our view:
- Classification of Perpetual Sukuk As Equity Instead of BorrowingChart 2: Perpetual Sukuk as a Component of EquitySource: Mah Sing’s 1Q17 Interim Financial Report.One
can easily identifies there is a RM540million perpetual sukuk being
classify as one of the components for equity in the balance sheet of Mah
Sing’s financial reports. The key question is-what is this perpetual
sukuk in reality? A closer look at the footnotes of Mah Sing’s Annual
Report 2016 revealed that it represents more like a form of borrowings
than equity. Some important features of the perpetual sukuk include: 1)
No fixed maturity, 2) Mah Sing has to option buyback these sukuk at the
end of fifth year and thereafter, 3) Periodic distribution rate of 6.8%
payable on a semi annual basis (interest payment), and 4) payment is
rank ahead of preference share and shareholder (debt-holders are
commonly being paid ahead of other stakeholders). While the feature (1)
resembles equity, it is hard to argue against features (3) and (4) are
not some common traits of borrowing.
Chart 3: Salient Features of Perpetual Sukuk
Source: Mah Sing’s Annual Report 2016.
Chart 4: Distribution Rate Table for the Perpetual Sukuk
Effectively, classification of perpetual sukuk as equity instead of borrowing helps to lower gearing ratios (debt to equity, debt to asset etc), resulting a stronger balance sheet than it would be if it were to classify otherwise.
2. Classification of Periodic Payment to Sukuk As Distribution Instead of Interest
As mentioned earlier, by using perpetual sukuk as a source of financing, Mah Sing has to make a periodic payment of 6.8% per annum or equivalent to RM37million per annum to perpetual sukuk holder (6.8% multiple with RM540million). While this periodic payment looks like a form of interest payment, it is classified as distribution (dividend alike) instead. This is also one of the key reasons why Mah Sing recorded a fairly low finance cost/cash interest paid on its income statement/cash flows statement. As a result, debt servicing ratios like EBITDA to interest/cash interest paid would be higher than in the case if it has classified the payment as interest.
Chart 5: Mah Sing’s Low Finance Cost/Cash Interest Paid
Source: Mah Sing’s 1Q17 Interim Financial Report.
Adjustment Made on DataGiven so, what should be done in order to get a better understanding on the company’s financial position? A quick way to do that is to reclassify the perpetual sukuk as borrowing by removing it from equity value (minus RM540million from equity) and adding it to long term borrowing. As a result, total borrowings would rise to RM1447million from RM907million while equity value would decline from RM3908million to RM3368million. Assuming cash and cash equivalents remains unchanged at RM838million, this would give rise to an adjusted net debt to equity ratio of 18.1% instead of a meagre 1.8%.
Similarly, finance cost/cash interest paid can be adjusted by adding back the RM37million paid to sukukholders every year. After adjustment, finance cost and cash interest paid would be RM38.7million and RM49.4million respectively. As a result, an adjusted EBITDA to cash interest paid would be 2.5x instead of 10.1x.
When it comes to financial statement analysis, it is always important to understand the story behind the number before using them as input for your investment decisions. Often times, if something looks to good to be true, always take additional steps to examine before assuming it is the truth.
Disclaimer: The views above are opinions based on facts and subjective judgement. We do not take any responsibility for any actions rely on the information discussed.