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小功课,看看这两种备忘录有什么区别,这里想知道的是

  1. 签了备忘录后下一步是什么?
  2. 什么情况下备忘录会无效?
  3. 备忘录可以被“违约”吗?
  4. “违约”的后果是怎样?
Google 上对这两种备忘录有很多不同的答案,而我对马来西亚的合约/备忘录律法一点都不通,想到的是就直接拿Bursa的公告查查看吧。

MoU Examples

标题 需要签Definitive Agreement 时限 停止/违约 Screenshot
SAPURA RESOURCES BERHAD ('SRB' OR 'THE COMPANY') - MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING ('MOU') BETWEEN SRB AND MTU ASIA PTE LTD Yes 3 Months N/A
MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING PESTECH INTERNATIONAL BERHAD ("PESTECH" or "THE COMPANY") - Memorandum of Understanding between PESTECH Power Sdn. Bhd. and RS Renewables K.K. Yes N/A termination allowed by written notice, no penalty
MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING N2N CONNECT BERHAD ("N2N" OR "THE COMPANY") MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING WITH SBI HOLDINGS, INC. Yes 1 Year N/A
Thomson Medical Group Limited ("TMGL") - Memorandum of Understanding Yes 6 Months 15 days written notice, no penalty
MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING FURTHER EXTENSION OF THE MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING (MOU) BETWEEN GABUNGAN AQRS BERHAD (GBGAQRS OR THE COMPANY) AND TERA CAPITAL LTD. (TERA CAPITAL) Yes 3 Months, can extend N/A
MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN CREST BUILDER SDN BHD AND T7 KEMUNCAK SDN BHD Yes N/A N/A

MoA Examples

标题 需要签Definitive Agreement 时限 停止/违约 Screenshot
OTHERS MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT (MOA) BETWEEN DATO MOHD RAZALY BIN MAULUD, DATIN RUBAIZAH BINTI SAKARI AND HO WAH GENTING BERHAD Yes 6 months Can, no penalty
MY E.G. Services Berhad ("MYEG" or "the Company") - Memorandum of Agreement entered between National Bureau of Investigation, I-Pay MYEG Philippines Inc. and I-Pay Commerce Ventures, Inc No 3 years pursuant to the relevant provisions of the MOA
Memorandum of Agreement between CIMB Bank Philippines Inc. and G-Xchange, Inc No 3 years N/A
Memorandum of Agreement with China Nuclear Industry Huaxing Construction Co., Ltd. Kind of N/A N/A
Memorandum of Agreement between Sumatec Resources Berhad & China National Petroleum Corporation - Liaohe No N/A See screenshot
MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT (DEVELOPMENT PHASE) ENTERED INTO BETWEEN PRESTARIANG TECH SERVICES SDN BHD ("PTECH") AND IN CONTINU ET SERVICES ("INCS") No 32 months N/A

结论

虽然example有点少(因为很难找),可是可以看到 MoU 和 MoA 还是有区别的。

MoU 就是名副其实的备忘录,就是告诉大家本公司已经和谁谁开始有交谈,而且我们已经有一个大概的方向,我们会继续详谈然后正式签合约。

MoA 虽然也是备忘录,可是里边已经列出目标和条例了,大多数里边没提到需要再详谈和签另一份合约。有效期就是签MoA的时间,也就是即时马上开工了。


如果在座有大马律师,请不要客气指点指点!


https://dancewithbear.blogspot.com/2019/03/memorandum-of-understanding-mou-vs.html
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